Dr. Ashley Hammond

Ashley S. Hammond

Visiting Assistant Professor of Anthropology
[email protected]

Areas of Expertise

primate functional morphology, postcrania, paleoanthropology, locomotion, cartilage and joint function

Dr. Ashley Hammond is a functional morphologist interested in the evolution of locomotor behaviors in great apes and hominins.  Most of her work focuses on the functional anatomy of the primate pelvis and femur, two anatomical regions that are extremely different between apes and hominins and reflect different locomotor specializations.  She is currently leading (with Sergio Almécija and Jeroen Smaers) an externally-funded project that aims to reconstruct the expected morphology of the chimpanzee-hominin last common ancestor (LCA) under different evolutionary scenarios.  This study will allow researchers to evaluate claims of how closely the morphology of early fossil hominins, such as Ardipithecus, match the expected LCA morphology under different evolutionary scenarios.  Dr. Hammond is also currently describing and analyzing new fossil material from Kenya, Ethiopia, Egypt, Spain, and Italy.

Prior to coming to GW, Ashley Hammond completed her dissertation at the University of Missouri, supervised by Carol Ward.  Her dissertation research developed a 3D model of hip joint mobility in anthropoids, which was validated against live animal measurements of hip joint mobility.  This modeling approach tested for differences in range of hip mobility in extant species associated with different locomotor adaptations, and allowed Ashley to then test locomotor reconstructions in key fossil ape taxa.  Immediately after the completion of her PhD, Dr. Hammond was an instructor at Stony Brook University, where she taught human gross anatomy to health professions students.


PhD – Pathology and Anatomical Sciences, University of Missouri, 2013
M.A. – Anthropology, Florida Atlantic University, 2008
B.A. – Anthropology and Social Science, Florida Atlantic University, 2006
Past Positions
Postdoctoral Research Instructor – Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University, 2013-2015



2016 - Hammond AS, Plavcan JM, Ward CV. A validated method for modeling anthropoid hip abduction in silico. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 160: 529-548.

2016 - Ward CV, Hammond AS. Australopithecus and Kin. Nature Education Knowledge 7 (31): 1.

2016 - Claxton A, Hammond AS, Romano J, Oleinik E, DeSilva J. Virtual reconstruction of the Australopithecus africanus pelvis Sts 65 with implications for obstetrics and locomotion. Journal of Human Evolution 99: 10-24.

2016 - Hammond AS. The anthropoid crista trochanterica and the hip joint capsule.  Anatomical Record 299: 60-69.

2015 - Ward CV, Feibel CF, Hammond AS, Leakey LN, Moffett EA, Plavcan JM, Skinner MM, Spoor F, Leakey MG. Associated ilium and femur from Koobi Fora, Kenya, and postcranial diversity in early Homo. Journal of Human Evolution 81: 48-67.

2014 - Plavcan JM, Meyer V, Hammond AS, Courture C, Madelaine S, Holliday TW, Maureille B, Ward CV, Trinkaus E. The Regourdou 1 Neandertal body size. Competes Rendus Palevol 13: 747-754.

2014 - Plavcan JM, Hammond AS, Ward CV. Calculating hominin and non-human anthropoid femoral head diameter from acetabular size. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 155: 469-475.

2014 - Hammond AS. In vivo baseline measurements of hip joint range of motion in suspensory and nonsuspensory anthropoids. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 153: 417-434.

2013 - Hammond AS, Alba DM, Almécija S, Moyà-Solà S. Middle Miocene Pierolapithecus provides a first glimpse into early hominid pelvic morphology. Journal of Human Evolution 64: 658-666.

2013 - Hammond AS, Plavcan JM, Ward CV. Precision and accuracy of acetabular size measures in fragmentary hominin pelves obtained using digital sphere-fitting techniques. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 150:565-578.

2013 - Hammond AS, Ward CV. Australopithecus and Kenyanthropus. In: Begun DR (ed): Companion to Paleoanthropology. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, p. 434-456.

2012 - Congdon KA, Hammond AS, Ravosa MJ. Differential limb loading in domestic pigs (Sus scrofus domesticus): A test of chondral modeling theory. Journal of Experimental Biology 215: 1472-1483.

2011 - Hammond AS, Dumont ER, McCarthy RC. The effect of embedded permanent tooth crowns on the distribution of masticatory stress in children. PLoS ONE 6 (12): e29121.

2010 - Hammond AS, Ning J, Ward CV, Ravosa MJ. Mammalian limb loading and chondral modeling during ontogeny. Anatomical Record 293: 658-670.

Current Grant Support

2016-2017 - Wenner-Gren Foundation ($16,350), “The hominid pelvis: Testing alternative evolutionary hypotheses for the Pan-hominin LCA pelvis shape.” 

2015-2016 - L.S.B. Leakey Foundation General Research Grant ($8,952), “Reconstructing phenotypic change in the pelvis of apes and humans.”