Susan Pfeiffer

Professor - University of Toronto


Research Interests:

Bioarchaeology, palaeopathology, adult age estimation methods, natural selection in past Homo sapiens, evolutionary theory, African foragers & pastoralists, First Nations of the Great Lakes region


2018          Hildebrand EA, KM Grillo, EA Sawchuk, SK Pfeiffer, L Conyers, S.T. Goldstein, AC Hill, A Janzen, CE Klehm, M Helper, P Kiura, E Ndiema, C Ngugi, JJ Shea, H Wang. A monumental cemetery built by eastern Africa’s first herders near Lake Turkana, Kenya. Proceedings of the National Academy of

2018           Beresheim AC, Pfeiffer SK, Grynpas MD, Alblas A. Sex-specific patterns in cortical and trabecular bone microstructure in the Kirsten Skeletal Collection, South Africa. Am J Hum Biol. 2018;e23108.

2017           Vairamuthu, T., Pfeiffer, S. A juvenile with compromised osteogenesis provides insights into past hunter-gatherer lives. International Journal of Palaeopathology.

2017          Pfeiffer, S., J.C. Sealy, R.F. Williamson, C. Forrest, L. Lesage. Patterns of weaning among ancestral Huron-Wendat communities, determined from nitrogen isotopes. American Antiquity 82:2: 244-261. DOI:

2016          Pfeiffer, S., J.C. Sealy, R.F. Williamson, S. Needs-Howarth, L. Lesage. Maize, fish and deer: Investigating dietary staples among ancestral Huron-Wendat villages, as documented from tooth samplesAmerican Antiquity 81:3:515-532

2016         Pfeiffer, S. An exploration of interpersonal violence among Holocene foragers of Southern AfricaInternational Journal of Paleopathology, 13: 27-38. doi:10.1016/j.ijpp.2016.01.001